Gardening is not an exact discipline. Even skilled gardeners make errors, so new gardeners should not be the least bit scared when they start up gardening. Here are some useful tips, when you plan to start your gardening.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Know your Region
It may sound obvious, but not everything will grow everywhere, so what you plan to have in your garden should very much be determined by where you live. Therefore, it is a good idea, that you start out by looking at the characteristics of your garden location, both according to the climate and to the sun influence.
This is the most important thing to start out with because when you understand the basics of your garden location, you will also know the limits and the possibilities of what you can have in your garden.
A good way to understand the possibilities of your garden is to talk with someone who works at your local garden center about the best local plants for your region.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Choose the best plants for your soil
Before you select any plants for your garden, it is important that you check soil type of your garden – is the soil light and sandy, or heavy and clay ?
Many plants succeed better in one type of soil than the other. If you are not sure of what plants to chose, you can start by taking a look at what plants are growing in your neighbour’s garden.
Another way to find out about your soil is in your garden is to send a sample of your soil to your local nursery or cooperative extension (There are also home testing kits available at Home Depot, or most gardening stores).
The results will tell you how acidic or alkaline your soil is, which affects how plants take in nutritional elements. Since different plants do best in different PH levels, this test will help you to decide what to plant in your garden or give you an idea of how you should deal with the soil in your garden.
It is also important that you examine the soil texture. The best soil is where you easily can shovel and crumble the soil in your hands. If your soil is super hard or clay-like, it will often be difficult for most plants to grow their roots.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Choose an idea for your gardening
When you are aware of your soil in your garden, then next step in your journey to a good and beautiful garden is to find out what type of garden you want. Do you want your garden to be a beautiful ocean of colorful flowers, a wonderful natural herb garden, a healthy vegetable garden, or a little mixture of everything ?
No matter what you choose, a good gardening tip for beginners is to start small and slowly build up your garden oasis based on your previous experience with the garden.
Another reason for starting small is, that if you find out, that this garden idea is not the right thing for you, it is much easier to change it, when you have started out small.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Get basic gardening tools
When you have a plan for your garden, you will need some basic gardening tools. Fortunately, working in the garden only requires a handful of gardening tools. To get started, you will need:
The must have garden tools.
An important tool for every gardener is a pair of trimming scissors. You will use these to cut back plants and bushes, and also to keep their well-being by cutting off dead flower heads and branches.
Another useful garden tool, particularly if you have bigger plants, is a pair of lopping pruners. With their long handles and large blades, you will with this garden tool make short work of bigger, well-founded plants.
Garden tools for digging and raking.
In order to start your planting, you will need a collection of garden tools for digging and preparing the soil in your garden. For this task, you should have at least one spade, a trowel, and a garden fork.
The spade and trowel will be used to dig the holes for your plants, while the garden fork is very practical for breaking up big clumps of soil or for getting rid of the roots of old plants and weeds.
You will also need one or two rakes – one with metal prongs and another with softer, plastic prongs. Metal rakes are very useful for leveling the soil and removing stones in plant beds. Plastic rakes are better suited for basic garden maintenance, such as clearing your lawn of leaves.
Garden tools for watering.
Although some locations can be quite rainy places, you will still sometimes need to water your plants. The best garden tools for this task are a garden hose and a watering can. Garden hoses are very useful for large tasks, such as watering trees and big plants, but the high water pressure is not the right thing for smaller plants and seedlings. For these smaller plants, a watering can with a rose attachment is more suitable.
Garden tools for weeding.
When you are putting so much care and effort into creating a nice garden, the last thing you want is to allow weeds to gain a foothold. To tackle the weed menace, you will need a forked trowel and a gardening knife. These two tools will allow you to uproot any invading plants with ease.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Pick the right plants
So now you have selected the type of garden you would like to work with and purchased some garden tools. Now you come to the fun part – choosing the plants. Before you drive to the garden center to buy everything, as mentioned take some time to check the soil in your garden as plants can be picky about the type of soil they grow in.
When you know your soil it will give you a good idea of what plants will succeed in your garden and make your decision of whether or not you should improve the soil in your garden, before you start with the plants.
Growing vegetables could be a good and fun introduction to gardening, because they don’t take long time to grow, so if you make a mistake you won’t have wasted long time with the vegetables, and can easily start with something new.
Sunflowers are also a good option, since they grow quickly and tall, or try easy-to-grow ferns, both of these can be grown all across the United States. To start with some easy plants is important, because early success is inspiring for gardening beginners. And success might make you want to move on to more complicated plants.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Improve the soil
Plants will always benefit from vitamin-packed soil, even if a test has declared your soil to be perfect, you can often still improve your soil, and improving the quality of your soil is not as difficult as you may think.
The best advice for beginner gardeners is to work compost into the top 8-12 inches (20 – 30 cm) of your soil with a spade or fork. The compost will be broken down within a few months, so the best time to do this is either during winter or in the beginning of spring.
Another method of improving your soil quality does not require any digging but it takes longer time. So if time is not an issue for you and you don’t like the idea of turning a lot of soil in order to mix it with the compost, this is the option for you.
First, you should mark out the area of the plant-bed and cover it in five layers of newspaper. Then you cover the area with 2-3 inches (5 – 7 cm) of compost and allow it to sit on the area for at least 4 months.
During this time, the newspaper will decompose and the nutrients from the compost will mix with the soil below. After these 4 months you will have a big improvement of your soil in the area and your plants will love it.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Create a plan for your garden.
When you have your soil optimized it is time to figure out where each plant will be in your garden, and here you have to pay particular attention to spacing. Plants need their own space, and if you place young plants too close together, their growth will be slower, and they will be more prone to diseases, or may simply die out.
Typically, perennials plants that live for more than two years, should be spaced approximately 18 inches apart. This allows enough room for new growth and will usually make the garden look filled up right away.
It is also important to know how high your plants will grow. Shorter and crawling plants should be put toward the front and edges of the garden bed, and the taller plants in the back of the garden bed.
This is where knowing about the gardens sun exposure is important, so you are careful of taller plants that would block smaller ones, or the type of plants that prefer a lot of sun or shade.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Organize and make documentation of your garden.
Another great piece of garden advice for beginners is to document the progress of your garden and keep track of where everything is planted, and therefore it is often a good thing to start a garden scrapbook.
By adding sketches, pictures, labels, and notes you can make future improvements a lot more easily, because you will have a documentation of how each type of plant worked out in different areas of your garden.
You can also use the garden scrapbook to keep notes about the interesting plants you come across elsewhere, so you can make a reminder to include them in your garden next year.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Be gentle with new plants
If you remove new plants from their pots by pulling their stems, you risk to break or damage them. Instead, you should carefully press the pot sides and turn it upside-down, using your other hand to catch the plant as it slides out.
You can also place the pot on a hard area and press the sides as you rotate it. Again, the plant should slip out when you upturn the pot.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Soak your roots
The last thing you want is dry root balls. Therefore, you need to completely soak the roots of a new plant before you put it in the soil. And make sure the hole is larger than the root ball before you decide to put it in. A plant’s roots need to be able to spread to get the best chance of tapping moisture and taking in the soil’s nutrients and vitaments.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Labels
For first-time gardeners, it can be easy to forget what you have planted and where, and we all have our forgetful moments.
To secure that you always know what is planted where and that you are able to tell people which plant is which, it can be a good idea to take a few minutes and make some small labels and place them along with your plants.
That way it is easy to recognize all your plants when you are going around in your garden, no matter how big or small the single plant is.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Water your plants properly
The focus of watering your plants should be to provide them with enough water to survive but not so much that the soil becomes waterlogged. The best way to achieve the properly amounts of water to your plants is to slowly allow the water to reach deep into the soil. Ideally, the soil should feel moist at about 2-3 inches (5 -6 cm) below the surface.
It is also important to be aware of, that plants at different stages of development also require different amounts of water. Young plants will often need to be watered daily to help the plants growth and creating healthy roots, while established and older plants will generally only need to be watered once every 2-3 days, depending on the weather.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Keep focus with weeds
It’s important to learn already from the start of your garden, that weeds are a gardener’s worst enemy. Therefore, you need to weed regularly and make sure you remove all their roots. If there are seeds holding to the weeds, don’t put them in the compost heap, because you will end up re-seeding your weeds when you spread the compost.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Give shrubs some room in your garden
It can be recommended that you resist the temptation to plant your shrubs near a fence or wall. Your shrubs will often grow outwards (in all directions) as well as upwards, so therefore you need to give your shrubs room and plan that accordingly.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Try to Be Patient with your garden.
Gardening is a process. You don’t get your glamorous garden in one day – the best gardens takes time. Sometimes impatience can risk, that you will over-water or fuss too much with the plants in your garden in the hopes that they will grow faster.
Don’t and the best thing you can do is to observe your plants regularly, and unless something looks wrong, let them be, and you will in time get your glamorous garden.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Have fun with your garden
To have fun with your garden it is important, that you allow yourself to experiment and try new things. If you realize, that you have planted something in the wrong place – either because the plant has the wrong height or color, or because it’s not growing well – you can simply move it, and try a new place.
Most plants and shrubs, even young trees, can be uprooted and replanted, if the movement of the plant is done carefully.
Best gardening tips for beginners – Keep Up the Good Work!
You might not have to do a lot of work every day in your garden, but the “right” garden work is the best thing you can give your garden and the most rewarding. If you take your time to deadhead, weed, prune, and tidy up will get you in a good track and feeling of what your plants need to thrive.
When you work with your plants on a regular basis then you will definitely have a good feeling about how each plant reacts to weather changes and how to correct issues like infestations before they become too problematic.
If you notice slower growth, then check what’s going on with the roots of the plant by carefully examining and digging around the underlying soil, and sometimes the roots will need to be gently opened or teased so that they can spread out in the soil.
Other times, especially if it is more plants at the same time, that is growing slowly, you will need to optimize the soil where the plants are growing, or you will need to replace the plants to give them more sun or shadow.
When you are new to gardening, then a good way to start your garden life is to work with a vegetable garden – why ? If you have never tasted garden-fresh vegetables, you will love the sweet, juicy flavors and stunning textures, you will have with your vegetable garden.
With a vegetable garden you will soon love your garden, and you can get some useful tips about how to plant a vegetable garden – Click Here